Jul 15, 2016
Biodiversity Plunges Below Levels 'Safe' for Humans
On 58 percent of the world's land surface, which is home to 71 percent of the global population, "the level of biodiversity loss is substantial enough to question the ability of ecosystems to support human societies," said the report in the US journal Science.
Researchers at University College London based their study on data from hundreds of international scientists, crunching 2.38 million records for more than 39,000 species at more than 18,000 sites in the world.
They sought to estimate how biodiversity has changed over time, particularly since humans arrived and built on land.
Areas most affected included grasslands, savannas and shrublands, followed by many of the world's forests and woodlands, said the report.
Using a reference known as the Biodiversity Intactness Index (BII), which captures changes in species abundance, researchers said a safe limit of change is generally considered about a 10 percent reduction in BII.
In other words, "species abundance within a given habitat is 90 percent of its original value in the absence of human land use," said the report.
The study showed that global biodiversity has fallen below that threshold, to 84.6 percent.
"This is the first time we've quantified the effect of habitat loss on biodiversity globally in such detail and we've found that across most of the world biodiversity loss is no longer within the safe limit suggested by ecologists," said lead researcher Tim Newbold of UCL.
"In many parts of the world, we are approaching a situation where human intervention might be needed to sustain ecosystem function."
Read more at Discovery News